A recent study has revealed that anthocyanins seemed to improve blood flow and may help maintain vascular health after 1 month of daily intake. Anthocyanins are found in many fruits, vegetables and other plants, conferring them their red, purple or blue colors. Some examples are many berries such as blueberries (such as the referenced article), blackberry, raspberry, bilberry; as well as other plants such as eggplant, black rice, red cabbage and red apples.
Melatonin, in addition to its presence in vertebrates, has also been found in bacteria, unicellular organisms, fungi and plants. According to the antioxidant properties described, it is considered that the consumption of plants rich in melatonin can help prevent oxidative stress.
The knowledge of its biology can contribute to propose pharmacological measures to stimulate its endogenous secretion through nutritional habits and aspects of lifestyle.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends 150 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise a week (or 75 minutes of vigorous), plus strength exercise twice a week. However, recent studies have shown that, in the US, almost 80% do not meet these recommendations (https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr112.pdf). One of the major reasons for this low level of participation is the seemingly high point of entry; maintaining that level of activity seems too daunting to achieve.
We’ve all gone through this: you decide to take up running, cycling, join a gym or start a diet. You’re all hyped up with the idea, buy new sports gear, download the latest health app that tracks your time exercising, read about the latest diet fad, and start off towards your new you.
There is a strong correlation between depression and heart disease. Several studies have shown that those with depression have increased risk of arrhythmia, while individuals with heart disease are more likely to be depressed. So how can this vicious cycle be stopped? Well, recent studies have shown that exercise can be as effective as anti-depressant drugs, and cuts the risk of heart disease by half. This is especially relevant at mid- and advanced age, where the prevalence for these two conditions are higher.